Elephants don’t seem to mind the thousands of wrinkles across their gray skin, but human beings are another story. One wrinkle can send someone into a panic.


Cosmetic companies make millions trying to restore someone’s youthful appearance. Maintaining good skin isn’t just about beauty, it’s a health issue as well. Everyone gets wrinkles as they age, but those individuals who get too much sun will get more wrinkles and sooner. Taking good care of your skin is essential.

How do wrinkles form?

Skin consists of two layers; the epidermis, which is made up of dead skin cells that protect the body from outside elements. The next layer is the dermis, which contains a protein called collagen, as well as fibers that give skin its elasticity.

Wrinkles form in both the dermis and the epidermis. As you age, your epidermis loses its ability to hold on to moisture which leads to fine lines on the surface. Deeper in the skin, collagen and elastin breaks down which weakens the skin’s support structure and fat also disappears from the skins deepest layer which leads to sagging. Together these effects create deeper wrinkles.

Risk factors:

The sun is the single most important factor in skin wrinkles, good sun protection from an early age can help reduce wrinkles as you get older.

Smoking can cause premature skin ageing.

Air pollution and toxins break down vitamin E in your skin which is necessary for your skins health.

Your parents also influence how you age as genetics play a role in when you will start to get wrinkles.

Finally, of course, there is the natural process of aging. As skin ages, it loses its ability to defend itself against the sun, smoking and the environment. Cells divide more slowly in older skin, making the dermis thinner and less able to hold moisture. The hypodermis, the part of our skin where fat is stored, begins to loosen. Your skin becomes less elastic, losing the ability to stretch and spring back into a firm position.


Wrinkles are inevitable for everyone but there are ways to slow the process down.

  • Adopt healthy eating habits
  • Reduce stress
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid smoking
  • Apply sunscreen when exposed to the sun
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Get a good dose of antioxidants, omega 3 fats and oils
  • Get enough sleep

Until someone discovers the fountain of youth, the quest to smooth out wrinkles will continue. Fortunately, there are a variety of treatments available to reduce them. Remember, there’s no permanent fix for the signs of aging, and some treatments can have side effects.

Dermal fillers are fat or collagen that doctors inject into the skin. Botox is a toxin that relaxes the muscles and reduces frown lines. Rare side effects of Botox injections include headache, nausea and flu-like symptoms.

During skin treatments such as dermabrasion and microdermabrasion, specialists sand down the surface of the skin.

A similar treatment is a chemical peel, which uses an acid to burn the outer layer. All three of these treatments leave your skin smoother for up to several weeks, but you’ll also probably experience redness and irritation.

Laser treatments can also break down the outer layer of the skin. Although it’s effective, it can take a few months for the skin to recover from the treatment.

A facelift can also erase lines by removing excess skin and tightening the remaining skin to smooth out lines.

Everyone is different; some people don’t mind getting wrinkles and others go into a panic when they get even the slightest line on their face. Getting wrinkles are inevitable to everyone and it is a natural part of ageing. Unfortunately treatments will not remove your wrinkles completely and they will not stay away but it does, however, slow the process down.