Motor neuron diseases are a group of neurological conditions that progressively destroy motor neuron cells. Motor neuron cells are critical to health and normal, everyday functioning because they control many voluntary muscle actions, such as swallowing, breathing, speaking, talking, hand gestures, and walking.
What is Motor Neuron Disease?
Normally, nerve cells in the brain send commands through the spinal cord to muscle nerve cells to perform movements. When nerve cells are damaged or destroyed by a motor neuron disease, muscles cannot receive the brain’s messages. This results in muscle weakening and wasting, spasticity, and stiffness in the legs and arms.
How is motor neuron diseases treated?
While there is no cure for motor neuron diseases, some treatments can help reduce the severity of symptoms, which may help slow damage to the nerves that control muscles. Other treatments and medical support, such as physical therapy, speech therapy, assisted breathing apparatuses, and home hospice care, are aimed at helping you and your family cope with the progressive lack of muscle control involved with Motor Neuron Disease.
The earlier you start getting treatment, the more your symptoms will reduce. Seek therapy to help you or a loved one cope with Motor Neuron Disease.