Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder / ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, more commonly known as ADHD, is one of the most common childhood brain disorders and can continue through adulthood.
Brain studies showed that, people with ADHD, Brain’s mature normally but is delayed by 3 years. This delay occurs in the region of the brain that involves thinking, paying attention and planning. These delays may trigger symptoms of ADHD. Treatments can relieve many symptoms of ADHD, but unfortunately there is no cure for this disorder.
Symptoms of ADHD
Inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity are the key behaviors of ADHD.
Symptoms of inattention:
- Easily distracted, miss details, forget things and switch from one activity to another.
- Difficulty focusing on one thing.
- Difficulty organizing or completing a task or learning something new.
- Trouble completing homework.
- Often lose things like pencils or toys.
- Do not listen when spoken to.
- Daydream often and become easily confused.
- Difficulty processing information.
- Struggle to follow instructions.
Symptoms of hyperactivity:
- Fidget and squirm in their seats.
- Talk nonstop.
- Touching or playing with everything in sight.
- Trouble sitting still.
- Must constantly be in motion.
- Difficulty doing quiet tasks.
Symptoms of impulsivity:
- Very impatient.
- Show their emotions without restraint.
- Blurt out inappropriate comments.
- Difficulty waiting for things.
- Interrupt conversations.
Causes of ADHD:
- Genes: Genes are the blueprints we inherit from our parents. ADHD often runs in families.
- Environmental: Cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy may be n link between children with ADHD.
- Brain injuries: Children who have suffereda brain injury may show symptoms of ADHD, but this is only a small amount of children.
- Food additives: Some children with ADHD may be sensitive to food dyes artificial flavors, preservatives or other food additives, but there is no research showing that food additives cause ADHD.
Treatent of ADHD:
There are treatments available to reduce the symptoms of ADHD and to improve functioning. Treatment may include medication, psychotherapy and education.
Therapists may teach children social skills such as hoe to wait their turn, share toys, and respond to teasing and to ask for help. Learning to read facial expressions, the tone of voice of others and how to respond appropriately will also be included in social skills.
Children with ADHD need guidance and understanding from their parents and teachers to reach their full potential and to succeed in school. With the right treatment, people with ADHD are able to live happy and successful lives and reach their full potential.